History, however, is only one mode of grasping what happened. As French 20th-century philosopher Pierre Nora writes, while history looks at the concrete changes wrought by the past, memory lives in the present, for the act of remembering always takes place in the here and now. The work of memory is always continuous, never finished. It consists of smoothing over gaps, of retelling a story—made up of fragmented, disjointed pieces—at any given moment in which we remember.

    Capturing the “Ruin Porn” of Berlin
    Luisa Zielinski